T he camera module, also known as CCM (compact Camerea Module), has been widely used in video conferencing, Security System and real-time monitoring as a video input device. With the development of Internet technology, the continuous improvement of network speed, coupled with the maturity of photographic imaging device technology and the large amount of use in the manufacture of cameras, has made its price drop to a level that ordinary people can bear. Now, CAMERA is widely used in mobile phones, PDAs and Tablet PCs, which also promotes further improvements in photographic imaging technology, such as 5 megapixels, 8 megapixels, 13 Megapixels, 24Megapixel....
Not long ago, Apple released their new flag cellphones with triple lens camera module on the rear.
The main components of the camera module are:
After the external light passes through the Lens, it is filtered by the IR Filter and then irradiated onto the Sensor surface. The Sensor converts the light from the Lens into an electrical signal, and then converts it into a digital signal through internal A/D. If the Sensor does not have an integrated DSP, the signal will be transmitted to the baseband by DVP or MIPI interface. The data format at this time is RAW RGB.
The lens structure of camera module is composed of several lenses, which are plastic lens (PLASTIC) and glass lens (GLASS). Generally, the lens structure used by CAMERA is: 1P. 2P, 1G1P, 1G3P, 2G2P, 4G, etc. The more lenses, the higher the cost. Generally speaking, The glass lens is more expensive than the plastic lens, but the imaging effect of the glass lens is better than that of the plastic lens. Previously, the camera equipped for Mobile Phone on the market was mainly composed of 1G3P (1 glass lens and 3 plastic lenses), in order to reduce costs. Nowaday, with the great development of technology, Mobile phone camera is also more sophisticated, triple lens camera or even quada The lens camera is starting to be used on mobile phones.
Eliminate unnecessary light projected onto the Sensor, preventing the Sensor from producing false colors/waves Grain to improve its effective resolution and color reproduction.
Among the main components of the camera module, the most important is the image sensor, because the sensor is the most important for image quality.The Sensor converts the light transmitted from the lens into an electrical signal, which is then converted to a digital signal by an internal DA. Since each pixel of the Sensor can only sense R, B or G, each pixel is stored in a single color at this time, which we call RAW DATA data. To restore RAW DATA data for each pixel to three primary colors, an ISP is required to process it.
The digital image signal parameters are optimized (RGB/YUV→JPEG) through a series of complex mathematical algorithm operations, and the processed signals are transmitted to the storage or display components.
DSP structure framework: